Lesson Six & Seven RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS OF ESTATES AND INDIVIDUALS,PROCLAMATIONS OF “FREEDOM” IN EGYPT, PERSIA AND GREECE: Restricted Access

Rights and freedoms granted by the government were not limited to temple cities and temple estates; private estates were also granted such privileges. Thus in Elam, from the old-Babylonian period on, the mašûtum, an exemption to a private estate, was granted, e.g.:2 “The prince has granted a mašûtum, [the owner of the estate] shall not be taken on a campaign, he shall not dig [canals], and he shall not be drafted for military service”.

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